John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court - September 24
- 2016 24 Sep
"The power to tax is the power to destroy," wrote John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, who was born SEPTEMBER 24, 1755. No one had a greater impact on U.S. Constitutional Law than John Marshall. Sworn in February 4, 1801, Marshall served 34 years on the bench and helped write over 1,000 decisions, including supporting the Cherokee Indian nation in their effort to stay in Georgia. During the Revolution, John Marshall fought under Washington and endured the terrible winter at Valley Forge. According to tradition, the Liberty Bell cracked tolling at Marshall's funeral, July 8, 1835. Chief Justice John Marshall wrote to Jasper Adams, May 9, 1833: "The American population is entirely Christian, and with us Christianity and Religion are identified. It would be strange indeed, if with such a people, our institutions did not presuppose Christianity and did not often refer to it and exhibit relations with it." A hundred years after Marshall's death, the present Supreme Court Building was completed in 1935. Engraved above the Chief Justice are the Ten Commandments. Moses is included among the great lawgivers in Herman A. MacNeil's marble relief on the east portico, and every session of the Supreme Court opens with an invocation: "God save the United States and this Honorable Court."