Queen Elizabeth & the Reformation of Religion in England - November 17
- 2013 11 Nov
"Bloody Mary," daughter of Henry VIII, sentenced 300 people to death during her 5 year reign. At her death, NOVEMBER 17, 1558, her half-sister Elizabeth became Queen. During Elizabeth's 45 year reign, Shakespeare wrote plays, Francis Bacon began the scientific revolution and Sir Walter Raleigh attempted to settle a colony, which he named Virginia in honor of the "Virgin Queen Elizabeth." When word came of a plot to assassinate her, Elizabeth executed dozens, including her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots, who was mother of England's next monarch, King James I. Spain sent its Invincible Armada to conquer England, but Sir Francis Drake, aided by a hurricane, defeated them. The Anglican Church separated from Rome but retained many rituals, to which "Puritans" objected. At her Coronation in 1558, Queen Elizabeth stated: "Christ was the Word that spake it, He took the bread and brake it, And what that Word did make it, I do believe and take it." Of her epitaph, Elizabeth said: "I am no lover of pompous title, but only desire that my name may be recorded in a line or two, which shall express my name, my virginity, the years of my reign, and the reformation of religion under it."