Step 4: Revisit the Passage to Find the Meaning of the Word in Context 

Assuming that theology is conveyed at the level of single words is a danger associated with word studies. However, the true indicator of the author's intended meaning is how the word fits within the immediate context; for us this is Colossians 1:15-20.

Paul's use of prōtotokos twice in this short section suggests that the "firstborn" is an important concept for the passage as a whole. The wider context of other New Testament writers, like John, who affirm Jesus' pre-existence and eternality, also helps us understand what Paul is saying and not saying by this term.

Although Paul's first usage of prōtotokos evokes the idea of rank and chronology, the second occurrence of "firstborn of the dead" refers to the idea of rank and not chronology. We know this precisely because Lazarus was raised from the dead—making Col 1:18 about the "special status" of Jesus. Col 1:18 extends this priority from creation to re-creation in light of resurrection. As "the firstborn of the dead" Jesus is the resurrected one that guarantees new life for those who follow Him. This understanding is the basis for Paul's message of reconciliation that is fully dependent on Jesus' preeminence as prōtotokos (Col 1:17, 20).

A lexicon is an in-depth dictionary about a specific group of writings. Go to Logos.com/BDAG

Article courtesy of Bible Study Magazine published by Logos Bible Software. Each issue of Bible Study Magazine provides tools and methods for Bible study as well as insights from people like John Piper, Beth Moore, Mark Driscoll, Kay Arthur, Randy Alcorn, John MacArthur, Barry Black, and more. More information is available at http://www.biblestudymagazine.com. Originally published in print: Copyright Bible Study Magazine (Mar-Apr 2009): pgs. 35-36. Used with permission.

Publication date: January 14, 2010