What’s in Your Credit Report?
- Wednesday, May 15, 2013
Your credit report is the body of information used to create your credit score, which is a 3-digit number ranging from 300 to 850. Lenders report your credit-card and other loan activity monthly and this information remains in your credit report and is reportable for up to ten years.
Although each credit reporting agency formats and reports this information differently, all credit reports contain basically the same categories of information. Your Social Security number, date of birth and employment information are used to identify you. These factors are not used in credit scoring.
Updates to this information come from information you supply to lenders.
Identifying information. Your name, address, Social Security number, date of birth and employment information are used to identify you. These factors are not used in credit scoring. Updates to this information come from information you supply to lenders.
Trade lines. These are your credit accounts. Lenders report on each account you have established with them. They report the type of account (bankcard, auto loan, mortgage, etc.), the date you opened the account, your credit limit or loan amount, the account balance and your payment history.
Credit inquiries. When you apply for a loan, you authorize your lender to ask for a copy of your credit report. This is how inquiries appear on your credit report. The inquiries section contains a list of everyone who accessed your credit report within the last two years. The report you see lists both “voluntary” inquiries, spurred by your own requests for credit, and “involuntary” inquires, such as when lenders order your report so as to make you a pre-approved credit offer in the mail.
Public record and collection items. Credit reporting agencies also collect public record information from state and county courts, and information on overdue debt from collection agencies. Public record information includes bankruptcies, foreclosures, suits, wage attachments, liens and judgments.
This article appeared originally in the Debt-Proof Living Newsletter in January 2013.
"Debt-Proof Living" was founded in 1992 by Mary Hunt. What began as a newsletter to encourage and empower people to break free from the bondage of consumer debt has grown into a huge community of ordinary people who have achieved remarkable success in their quest to effectively manage their money and stay out of debt. Today, "The Cheapskate Monthly" is read by close to 100,000 Cheapskates. Click here to subscribe.
Publication date: May 15, 2013
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