The Essential Latin: What You Need to Know
- Tuesday, May 10, 2011
Mens sana in corpora sano: “A sound (or healthy) mind in a sound (or healthy) body.” This expression is sometimes seen in fitness or health facilities.
Q.E. D (Quod erat demonstrandum): “That which was to have been proven.” This phrase is sometimes used in mathematics to indicate the success of a mathematical proof.
Tabula rasa:“The blank slate.” This is the philosophical notion that the mind is unformed until it is affected by impressions or experience.
Tempus Fugit: “Time flees” or “Time flies.” This expression is sometimes seen on old clocks.
Veni vidi vici: “I came, I saw, I conquered.” According to historical tradition, this terse phrase was used by Julius Caesar to announce to the Roman Senate that he had defeated the ruler of Pontus. Now, it is sometimes used to announce a quick and decisive victory.
Common Latin Abbreviations:
A.D. Anno Domini in the year of the Lord Used as a calendar designation.
Ad lib. ad libitum freely; as desired; spontaneously
A.M. Ante Meridian before the middle (of the day)
P.M. Post Meridian After the middle (of the day)
c. circa around or about (Example: This event took place c. 1900 A.D.)
cf. confer compare Used sometimes in writing to direct the reader’s attention to another book or part of the document
D.V. Deo volente if God wills
e.g. exemplia gratia for example
et al. et alia and others (Example: This book was written by John Smith and Roy Jackson, et al.)
etc. et cetera And so forth (Example: Cameron brought all the snacks for the party: chips, dip, cheese, cookies, etc.)
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