Questions to Consider

Why was there such a difference in the way the two sides chose to use submarines in their strategies?

What significance do you think subs had on the Civil War? What about on World War II? Modern day warfare?

What transportation invention do you think had the most significant impact on the twentieth century? Why?

The history of submarines is a fascinating study. For further research, learn more about the following men:

David Bushnell, an American inventor of the first sub known to be used in war. It was a one-man, hand-cranked vehicle built about 1776.

Robert Fulton, considered the father of the steam boat. He built a sub in France in 1800 and named it the Nautilus. (Look for two other famous subs named the Nautilus; one fictional, one not.)

Brutus De Villeroi, French inventor and American immigrant. He demonstrated his first sub in Nantes, France in 1832. (Interesting sidenote: six-year-old Jules Verne was living in Nantes at that time!) De Villeroi later sold another sub, nicknamed "Alligator," to the Union Navy.

Maggie S. Hogan is the author of Hands-On Geography, co-author of The Ultimate Geography and Timeline Guide and Gifted Children at Home. She and her husband Bob live in Delaware where they began homeschooling their two sons in 1991. Their oldest, JB, serves in the US Army and their youngest son, Tyler, created the map within this piece. Contact Maggie at for comments on this piece or to learn more about Maggie Hogan.

Melissa Craig worked in corporate America for eight years. Four years ago, she chose her family over her career and has been homeschooling ever since. No promotion can compare with the joy of watching her family grow together in the Lord. Melissa lives with her husband and three children in Pittsburgh, PA.

Copyright, 2005. All rights reserved. The Old Schoolhouse Magazine. Right now, $300 in free curriculum gifts for new subscribers. 19 total gifts, all free. See website for details.