Unit Study: Sail On
- Tuesday, September 13, 2011
•Read Kidnapped by Robert Louis Stevenson. Write a book report.
•Read The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain. Tell your family about the book.
•Lighthouses play a vital role for vessels on the water. Research and write a story about a lighthouse keeper who rescues a shipwrecked crew.
•Many fishermen rely on boats to aid them with their job. Write about the different hazards they face.
•Archimedes discovered the theory of displacement while taking a bath. He noticed that the water level rose when he was in the tub and lowered back to its original level when he was out. Find a book about this man and his many discoveries. Report to your family what you learn.
•Try some water displacement experiments. Fill a bucket ¾ full with water and mark the level. Place a jar (with an airtight lid) in the water and take note of what happens. Record it in your lab journal. Now fill the jar with water and repeat the experiment. Does the water level change in the bucket? Record your results.
•Build a boat with Legos. See if it floats in water. Next, try building a boat with clay. Will it float? What happens when you roll it into a ball?
•A sextant and compass were needed for navigation, as well as an understanding of the stars. Research these topics and record what you learn.
•In 1900, a race took place to see which shipyard could build the first six-masted schooner. The shipyard of Holly M. Bean in Camden, Maine, won the contest. The George H. Wells was launched on August 4, 1900. These ships were built for only nine years, due to their difficulty to navigate. Research online to discover what you can about this era.
•Piracy has been around since before Christ and persists today. Find out what areas of the world this affects. Find a book from the library about this topic.
•Research the international maritime signal flags, which are used to communicate between ships. Find the signals for “man overboard” and “I require assistance.”
•Find out the names of the three ships Christopher Columbus sailed in exploring the New World.
•Make a replica of the Mayflower.
•Learn about the history of lifesaving. What is the best way to save someone who is floundering in the water? When did the Coast Guard start training in this area?
•Research and discover what types of vessels were used during the Civil War, WWI, and the Vietnam War.
•Scurvy was prevalent among sailors on long voyages who were unable to have fresh fruit and vegetables. Research this sickness. What vitamin is a sailor deficient in who has this disease?
•A sailor plagued with seasickness wouldn’t enjoy his job. Find out what causes this condition.
•Rats were common aboard ships. Study what complications occurred when they were prevalent.
•What is the difference between a boat and a ship? Research and discover the different types. Here are a few to get you started: steamboats, rafts, ocean liners, yachts, schooners, U-boats, PT boats, river boats, and various war vessels. Pick one and draw it in detail.
•Find, or make from a kit, a regatta sailboat.
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