0 - 29 c.  Jesus
Defined:  The period of Jesus' human life on earth during which he fulfilled all Old Testament prophecies regarding the promised Messiah. 

29 c. John the Baptist began his ministry in the "15th year of Tiberius" (Luke 3:1-2)
Jesus began his ministry after his baptism by John         
Last Supper, arrest of Jesus, his trial, and crucifixion on Good Friday
Resurrection of Jesus three days after crucifixion

30 c. - 100 Apostolic Age  
Defined:  Some of Christ's original apostles were still alive and helping to spread the gospel.  This period ended with the death of last apostle.

47-57 c. Missionary travels of Paul

67 Paul Martyred

70 The Romans under Titus destroy Jerusalem, after a long siege; 1.5 million Jews die.

Additional Resources:
First Persecutions written by John Foxe

100 - 590 Post Aposolic Age

190 Date of Easter determined

200-300 Appearance of Earliest Bible Translations

313-337 Constantine

325 Council of Nicaea - Called by the Roman Emperor Constantine, it was the first ecumenical conference of bishops of the church.

399 The last showing of the ancient Olympic Games - After Emperor Theodosius the Great bans it and there are no games again until 1896.

400 Vulgate                                   

431 - 451 Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon         

590 - early 1300s The Medieval Church

625 Mohammad begins the Koran

1095 - 13th century The Crusades
A series of several military campaigns. Originally, they were Roman Catholic endeavors to capture the Holy Land from the Muslims, but some were directed against other Europeans.

1163 Notre Dame de Paris - beginning of construction

1215 King John of England and his nobles sign the Magna Carta.

Early 1300s - 1517 The Renaissance

1378-1410 The Great Schism - a time of division in the Roman Catholic Church due to disagreements concerning papal succession. 

1382 John Wycliffe translates First English Bible John Wycliffe was an English theologian and early proponent of reform in the Roman Catholic Church during the 14th century

1431 Joan of Arc Martyred - Inspired and directed by religious visions, Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc), organized the French resistance that forced the English to end their siege of Orléans (1429).  Her claims of visions led to a trial for heresy which resulted in execution by burning at the stake.

1450s Gutenberg Bible - first printed Bible

1453 The Christian kingdom of Constantinople finally falls to the Muslims.

1478 Spanish Inquisition established by Pope Sixtus IV  

1517 - 1648 The Reformation - European movement aimed initially at reforming the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church.

1517 Martin Luther's 95 Theses - a document written by Martin Luther that challenged the teachings of the Catholic Church on penance, the authority of the pope, and indulgences. It sparked a theological debate that fueled the Reformation.