12. Cf. Robert Brow, “Evangelical Megashift: Why You May Not Have Heard about Wrath, Sin and Hell Recently,” Christianity Today, February 19, 1990.

13. Robert Webber, The Younger Evangelicals (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2002), 5. His earlier work Ancient-Future Faith: Rethinking Evangelicalism for a Postmodern World (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999), serves as a primer for many postmodern evangelicals.

14. As cited in The Challenge of Postmodernism: An Evangelical Engagement, ed. D. S. Dockery (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1995), 78.

15. F. W. Bave has wilily pointed out, “Consider it axiomatic that when church leaders finally catch on to a trend, it’s over. The Counterculture movement of the Sixties ended at Kent State, yet trendy campus pastors were still doing bad folk masses with out-of-tune guitars way into the Seventies and Eighties. So it is today with Postmodernism. The buzzword is on everyone’s lips in church circles, while in university English departments where the whole Pomo (Postmodern) thing began, other theories like New Historicism have taken over. I contend that Postmodernism is now fading away and is rapidly being supplanted by other cultural forces” (F. W. Bave, The Spiritual Society: What Lurks Beyond Postmodernism? [Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2001], 15). More recently, James Parker III made these pertinent observations: “Postmodernism is highly overrated. While one theologian after another is rushing to turn out books and articles about some aspect or implication concerning the end of modernism or about the implications of postmodernism, it can be plausibly argued that postmodernism is overrated and that it will come to a certain (and perhaps soon) demise—or at least will be relegated to the realm of the curious but passé. . . . Most simply stated, postmodernism is guilty of being self-referentially absurd. When postmodernists give up the idea of objective truth, there is no reason whatsoever to take what they say as true—particularly since they have conceded up front that nothing is genuinely true.” Cf. Parker’s “A Requiem for Postmodernism—Whither Now?” in Erickson, Helseth, and Taylor, Reclaiming the Center, 307–8. We gratefully acknowledge that we, in our book, are indebted to this important book.

16. D. A. Carson, Becoming Conversant with the Emerging Church (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005), 29.

17. O. Guinness, The Gravedigger File (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1983), 42.

18. Mark Baker and Joel Green co-authored the book Recovering the Scandal of the Cross: Atonement in New Testament & Contemporary Contexts (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2000), which constituted a frontal assault on any concept of penal substitutionary atonement.

19. Brian McLaren, “A Radical Rethinking of Our Evangelistic Strategy,” Theology, News, & Notes (Fall 2004), 6.

20. James E. Bradley, “Evangelical—A Most Abused Word!” and Seyoon Kim, “The Atoning Death of Christ on the Cross,” Theology, News & Notes (Winter 2008), 4–10, 14–20. A number of books have recently appeared to defend the doctrine of penal substitution. Chief among them are Paul Wells, Crosswords: The Biblical Doctrine of the Atonement (Ross-shire, Scotland: Christian Focus, 2006); e Glory of the Atonement: Essays in Honor of Roger Nicole, ed. C. E. Hill and F. A. James III (Downers Grove, IL. InterVarsity Press, 2004); and especially Steve Jeffery, Michael Ovey, and Andrew Sach, Pierced for Our Transgressions: Recovering the Glory of Penal Substitution (Wheaton, IL, Crossway, 2007). N. T. Wright took umbrage with this book and with the people who endorsed it. Cf. http://piercedforourtransgressions.com/content/view/107/51/