Herod Archelaus was the elder son by Malthase, who was a Samaritan woman. His father appointed him “king,” but Rome made him “ruler” over Judaea, Samaria, and Idumea. Archelaus was a very cruel man, much like his father, and treated his subjects brutally.


In Matthew 2:22, we read of this Herod:


But when [Joseph] heard that Archelaus was reigning in Judea in place of his father Herod [the Great], he was afraid to go there. Having been warned in a dream, he withdrew to the district of Galilee, and he went and lived in a town called Nazareth. So was fulfilled what was said through the prophets: “He will be called a Nazarene.”


In 6 AD, the Jews and Samaritans (who were natural enemies), actually banded together and appealed to Rome that Archelaus be removed from power.


He was banished in 6 AD.


Herod Antipas (younger son of Malthase)


Now we have the Herod to whom Jesus was sent by Pilate.


Herod Antipas was the younger son of Herod the Great andMalthase. Though he first married the daughter of the King of Arabia Petraea, he later visited his brother Herod Philip, became involved with his sister-in-law Herodias, and took her back to Galilee to be his wife.


John the Baptist literally lost his head over the incestuous relationship.


But when John rebuked Herod the tetrarch because of Herodias, his brother's wife, and all the other evil things he had done, Herod added this to them all: He locked John up in prison. (Luke 3:19, 20)


Now Herod had arrested John and bound him and put him in prison because of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife, for John had been saying to him: "It is not lawful for you to have her." Herod wanted to kill John, but he was afraid of the people, because they considered him a prophet.

On Herod's birthday the daughter of Herodias danced for them and pleased Herod so much that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she asked. Prompted by her mother, she said, "Give me here on a platter the head of John the Baptist." The king was distressed, but because of his oaths and his dinner guests, he ordered that her request be granted and had John beheaded in the prison. His head was brought in on a platter and given to the girl, who carried it to her mother. John's disciples came and took his body and buried it. Then they went and told Jesus.(Matthew 14: 3-12)

Next Installment of Creed: Herod Antipas, Meet Jesus

Award-winning national speaker Eva Marie Everson is a recent graduate of Andersonville Theological Seminary. Her work includes the just released Sex, Lies, and the Media (Cook) and The Potluck Club (Baker/Revell) She can be contacted for comments or for speaking engagement bookings at www.evamarieeverson.com.

Most recent articles in this series:
Creed: From the Religious Hypocrites to Pilate's Court
Creed: Why Jesus Suffered

Creed: The Gospel in a Nutshell
Creed: Why Jesus Came
Creed: The Son & the Father are One