Zechariah stood alone before the brazier in the temple's inner sanctuary carefully sprinkling fragrance incense on burning coals. Igniting instantly, sweet smoke filled the sanctuary. Zechariah prostrated himself. A once-in-a-lifetime moment for the old priest, this was the climax of the Divinely choreographed daily temple worship. Never again in this life, Zechariah supposed, would he, an ordinary priest, be closer to God.


Suddenly, an angel appeared at the right side of the altar with a message: "Your prayer has been heard. Your wife will bear you a son."


Late in life, anointed children like John the Baptist are a consistent thread running through both Testaments. News of their conception is often greeted with surprise on the part of the parents with no heavenly repercussions. Yet when Zechariah expresses doubts, the angel gets huffy.
With good reason: Zechariah knows - and likely taught - that before Messiah comes, a wilderness voice will cry for the religious establishment to straighten up. But when confronted with impending fulfillment of Scripture, Zechariah questions the authority of God's Word and loses his own voice - a sober warning to church leaders everywhere.


Or, as Dr. Paul Wright of Jerusalem University College suggests, Zechariah may be trying to teach the angel a thing or two: "Zechariah's questioning of the angel is a very Jewish thing to do, very rabbinic to teach by asking questions. Zechariah has been taught that he is the authority. The only authority above Zechariah is the high priest. The prophetic role in the Old Testament was a speaking role but not so much during the inter-testament period. God still had to speak on earth, so priests have been doing the talking. John is going to resurrect the old order of things where prophets speak."


So the priest is struck dumb so the prophet can speak and prepare the way for the Lord.


Amid the angel's promises that John would be a delight, Zechariah had 9 silent months to ponder a portion of the angel's declaration that was semi-ominous: "...he will go on before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elijah..."


Said Dr. Wright: "Zechariah knew that Elijah spoke very strongly against the established religious, political, and social power structure of the day. He must have wondered whom John would speak against: Rome? Religion? And remember: Zechariah is the religious establishment."


John, also born a priest, attacks both. Therefore, the cry for repentance does not come from the temple as it should have, but as a solitary voice from the wilderness. As the Ten Commandments came from the desert proclaiming the basis for the Old Testament covenant, so John's wilderness shout for the religious to repent and present God accessibly to everyone by the leveling of mountains and the filling of valleys established the basis for the New Testament.

Ain Karin


From his earliest moments, John knew the difficulty presented by hilly terrain. Ain Karin, (Arabic for "spring of the vineyard") long regarded as the birthplace of John, is located in a valley so steep that it could almost be called a crevice. Sweet and bitter almond trees, cypress, and sparse vegetation cling precariously to rain washed, eroded hillsides abruptly meeting at the fertile heart of town where topsoil has been deposited.