Playing a Great Game of Financial Defense
- Friday, September 14, 2012
No one has ever accused an insurance policy of being a page-turner. However, those packets of boring legalese are essential for financial success, which is why the 9th of my 11 principles for simple, meaningful financial success is to Build Walls of Protection.
Let’s look at some of the most important types of insurance so you can determine how to get the right coverage at the right price.
Do you need life insurance? The best way to answer that question is to consider whether anyone would suffer financially if you died. Oftentimes, a couple will buy life insurance when they have their first child.
If you decide to buy a policy, you’ll need to decide how much to buy. The right answer may be somewhat less than what an insurance needs calculator tells you, especially as you consider other ways to provide for your family.
Next you’ll need to decide what type of life insurance to buy. The two main types are term and permanent.
Term life insurance is pure insurance, covers a temporary need, and is the least expensive type of life insurance. By “pure insurance,” I mean you pay for the death benefit and nothing more. Term insurance covers you for a specific period of time, typically ranging from one to 30 years, hence the name term.
Couples often choose term insurance while their kids are younger than 18 or perhaps until they are done with college. By that point, they assume life insurance won’t be needed anymore; they will have been diligent in saving and investing all those years and will have enough assets to provide for the surviving spouse. This philosophy is usually described as “buy term and invest the difference.” You just need to make sure you don’t buy term and spend the difference!
If you go the term route, it’s best to choose a level premium policy, which means you will pay the same amount every year for the term of the policy. Also, ask whether the policy is convertible. Convertible policies give you the option to switch the policy to a permanent policy without having the take a medical test.
Permanent life insurance, also called whole life, gives you a death benefit and a savings or investment account, provides permanent coverage (assuming you keep up with the premiums), and is much more expensive than term insurance. Whereas a term policy may cost you roughly $15 to $30 per month per $100,000 of death benefit, a permanent life policy could cost $150 to $300 per month.
Young couples with kids usually need a lot of insurance and have many other expenses. For those reasons, term is often the most viable way to get the coverage they need at a price they can afford.
One way to save on health insurance is to opt for your company’s flexible savings account (FSA), if available. With such accounts, you pay various out-of-pocket medical expenses with pre-tax dollars. Many expenses qualify, including co-pays, deductibles, and prescription eyeglasses. But flexible spending account money not used by the end of the year is lost (at some companies there is a short grace period into the next year), so you need to make a good estimate about how much out-of-pocket expense you’re likely to have over the coming year.
Another option may be a health savings account (HSA). Used in conjunction with a high-deductible health insurance plan, this money is saved pre-tax, just like FSA money. However, it can be carried over from year to year and you can set aside more money in an HSA than you can in an FSA.
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