As the nation celebrates what would have been Martin Luther King's 83rd birthday, Sharon Shahid wonders whether his famed essay, Letter from Birmingham Jail, "would have made such a lasting impression or had as powerful an impact if today's instant communication devices existed, and if someone smuggled a BlackBerry or a mobile phone into his cell. What would have happened if he texted the famous letter or used Twitter -- in 140 characters or fewer?"
"Instead of a legacy," she suggests, "he most likely would have started a conversation."
And that's all.
"King's voice -- so poignant and crystal-clear in print -- simply would lose its resonance in cyber ink. … A tweet would have faded into the ether minutes after it was released, drowned out by a thousand other disparate musings."
But that is the least of the challenges our current context would bring to King's words making an impact in our day. Why? It was based on a thoroughgoing Christian worldview.
The term itself, from the German Weltanschauung (literally "world perception"), suggests more than a set of ideas by which you judge other ideas. It is, as Gene Edward Veith has written, "a way to engage constructively the whole range of human expression from a Christian perspective." Or, as Jonathan Edwards once contended, arguably the greatest intellect America has ever produced, the basic goal of any intellect is to work toward "the consistency and agreement of our ideas with the ideas of God."
Consider the worldview questions posed by Charles Colson and Nancy Pearcey, based on creation, the fall and redemption: Where did we come from and who are we? What has gone wrong with the world? What can we do to fix it? How now shall we live?
Reflect on the response to the first and most foundational of these questions -- where did we come from? There are a limited number of answers at our disposal: We came about by chance (the naturalist contention), we don't really exist (the Hindu response), or we were spoken into existence by God.
Even if one makes more obscure suggestions, such as Cambridge physicist Stephen Hawking (that we were seeded here by another race of beings from another planet), one would then have to account for their existence.
So for the Christian, the answer to "Where did we come from and who are we?" gives a foundation for thinking that no other answer gives. Because we were created, there is value in each person. There is meaning and purpose to every life. There is Someone above and outside of our existence who stands over it as authority.
Because of this answer, Martin Luther King, Jr., could write the immortal words found in his jailhouse correspondence:
"...there are two types of law: just and unjust. ... A just law is a man-made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God. An unjust law is a code that is out harmony with the moral law. ... Any law that uplifts human personality is just. Any law that degrades human personality is unjust. All segregation statutes are unjust because segregation distorts the soul and damages the personality."
King's argument was based on the worth of a human being bestowed by God regardless of what other humans might have to say; King laid claim to a law above man's law. No other worldview would have given King the basis for such a claim.
And from such a worldview, the world was changed.
But would such a worldview get a hearing today?
And there lies the irony; as a culture, we celebrate a man's Christian convictions that were used to change our culture in the past, while simultaneously rejecting those values as a part of shaping our culture for the future.
Which means the next young leader with passion and conviction may have a dream, but if it's based on King's worldview, it will never be heard. Or if heard, would never spark the cultural revolution it did before.
Not because it was tweeted instead of written.
But because it was based on something not of this world that the world no longer recognizes.
James Emery White
Shard Shahid, "If MLK had tweeted from jail," USA Today, Wednesday, January 12, 2011, p. 11a. Online at http://www.usatoday.com/news/opinion/forum/2011-01-05-column12_ST_N.htm.
Gene Edward Veith, "Reading and Writing Worldviews," in The Christian Imagination: The Practice of Faith in Literature and Writing, ed. by Leland Ryken, Revised and Expanded edition (Colorado Springs: Shaw, 2002).
Jonathan Edwards, "Notes on the Mind," in The Works of Jonathan Edwards: Scientific and Philosophical Writings, edited by Wallace E. Anderson (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980).
Charles Colson and Nancy Pearcey, How Now Shall We Live (Wheaton: Tyndale, 1999).
Martin Luther King, Jr., Why We Can't Wait (Letter from a Birmingham Jail) (New York: Mentor/New American Library, 1963, 1964).
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About Dr. James Emery White
James Emery White is the founding and senior pastor of Mecklenburg Community Church in Charlotte, North Carolina; President of Serious Times, a ministry which explores the intersection of faith and culture (www.serioustimes.org); and ranked adjunctive professor of theology and culture on the Charlotte campus of Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. Dr. White holds the B.S., M.Div. and Ph.D. degrees, along with additional work at Vanderbilt University and Oxford University. He is the author of over a dozen books.
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