*The following is excerpted from an online article posted on EurekAlert!.
Most parents know or suspect when their child smokes, but they are much more likely to be in the dark if the child vapes or uses other tobacco products, according to a large national study by researchers at UC San Francisco.
The study, which tracked more than 23,000 participants aged 12 to 17 years old, found that parents or guardians were substantially less likely to report knowing or suspecting that their child had used tobacco if the child used only e-cigarettes, non-cigarette combustible products or smokeless tobacco, compared to smoking cigarettes or using multiple tobacco products.
The researchers also found that when parents set strong household rules about not using tobacco - applying to all residents - their children were less likely to start tobacco use. Just talking to kids about not smoking was far less effective. The study was published in the journal Pediatrics.
"We know that tobacco-free homes are a key tool to help prevent smoking by kids," said corresponding and senior author Benjamin Chaffee, DDS, MPH, Ph.D., an associate professor at the UCSF School of Dentistry. "What studies haven't examined is how tobacco-free homes stack up against other approaches and how much tobacco-free home rules might help with other tobacco products beyond smoking.
Over the last decade, the smoking landscape has dramatically changed, especially among youth, for whom cigarette smoking has declined while the use of electronic cigarettes soared. Last year, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that more than 1 in 4 high school students was vaping.
The new study used data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study to investigate parental awareness of youth tobacco use and the role of household tobacco rules in preventing smoking. In addition to cigarettes and e-cigarettes, the study looked at non-cigarette combustible products (including cigars, pipes, hookahs, and bidis), and smokeless tobacco (including snuff, chewing tobacco, snus, and dissolvable tobacco).
It found that parents were more likely to know or suspect that their child was using a tobacco or nicotine product if the child was older, male, identified as white, and lived with a tobacco user, as well as if the parents were less educated. Mothers were singled out as more aware than fathers.
The researchers also found that teens and tweens living in homes with the strictest rules prohibiting tobacco use were 20-26 percent less likely to start using tobacco, compared to youth living in the most permissive homes.
- 2020Oct 21
*The following is excerpted from an online article posted on Study Finds.
A study by researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) finds children who don’t get enough sleep at night have a greater risk of developing mental health problems like depression and anxiety when they’re older.
The study by Bror M. Ranum, an NTNU Department of Psychology fellow, follows nearly 800 children over several years to measure sleeping habits and the onset of psychiatric difficulties.
“We’re seeing an association between sleep duration and risk of symptoms of emotional and behavioral disorders,” Ranum reports in a media release.
The study reveals boys who sleep fewer hours than recommended develop an increased risk of manifesting behavioral issues. Boys and girls who get less sleep also have greater risks of emotional problems. The Norwegian study focuses on sleep time, not sleep quality.
Ranum makes it clear that there are often wide differences between individual sleep needs. What is too little sleep for one child could be more than normal for others.
“But if you find that your child seems to be under the weather and can’t concentrate, or you notice their mood fluctuate more than normal, then you may want to help them get more sleep,” Ranum recommends.
The study authors conclude that while parents don’t need to worry unnecessarily, adjustments to sleep routines are advisable if parents think their children’s sleep patterns are being disrupted.
The study was published in Pediatric Research.
Source: Study Finds
*The following is excerpted from an online article posted on Digital Music News.
Investment bank Piper Sandler publishes a semi-annual study of trends among US teens. The latest study aggregates responses from 9,800 teens across the United States – on a variety of issues. Part of that survey is learning about their digital habits.
Amongst the most important stats for the music industry: TikTok has surpassed Instagram to become the second most-favored social network among teens.
Snapchat still dominates the category, though many respondents said they use two or more listed options. 34% of teens said they used Snapchat, while 29% said they used TikTok. Both are moving well ahead of Instagram, which clocked in with 25%.
The data offers another problematic takeaway for Facebook-owned platforms. Facebook is one of the least-used platforms among the 13-17 teen demographic – less than 3.1% of the demographic uses Facebook. The decline of Instagram further demonstrates that Facebook is slipping with the younger demo.
TikTok, despite all the concerns of a US government ban, has become a cultural force in the United States. Most recently, it’s propelled Fleetwood Mac to the top of the charts, thanks to a fluke viral video. It also helped make the career of Lil Nas X in 2019 – which seems like so long ago. The point is, it looks like Snapchat and TikTok are here to stay (and growing).
Source: Digital Music News