*The following is excerpted from an online article posted on HealthDay.
Before you sign your young pitcher up to play baseball in multiple leagues, familiarize yourself with guidelines that can protect them against overuse injuries.
Sound obvious? A new survey shows it isn't, because most parents have no idea what those guidelines are.
Players under age 18 are pitching more and more frequently, often for several teams year-round, which is prompting a rise in injuries. Some even require Tommy John surgery to repair torn UCLs (ulnar collateral ligament), an operation most people associate with major league players rather than youngsters. The UCL is a ligament that runs on the inner side of the elbow to help support it when performing certain motions, such as throwing.
"It's really important that somebody is watching the players closely to make sure they aren't pitching too much so we can minimize the risk of injury," said senior study author Dr. Kevin Farmer, a University of Florida Health orthopedic surgeon who specializes in sports medicine.
Farmer and his colleagues surveyed nearly 100 parents and caregivers of youth baseball pitchers in North Central Florida and found that 83% did not know about safe pitching guidelines.
The lack of knowledge was found among parents/caregivers of players at all levels of experience, according to the paper published recently in the International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy.
Even among the respondents who were aware of safe pitching guidelines, many were unsure exactly what is in the guidelines.
The guidelines are available online, including on websites for the Little League, USA Baseball and even Major League Baseball, the researchers said.
*The following is excerpted from an online article posted on StudyFinds.
Content portraying vaping as cool and in a positive light is rampant on the popular social media platform TikTok, according to a new study. Researchers from Queensland University say that if an adolescent spends too much time on TikTok it may reinforce positive attitudes toward vaping and e-cigarettes.
Of the 808 videos in our sample, we found that positive portrayals of e-cigarette use were viewed over 1.1 billion times, accounting for 63 percent of the total sample,” says lead study author and Ph.D. student Tianze Sun, from Queensland’s National Centre for Youth Substance Use Research, in a university release. “Videos negatively depicting vaping and e-cigarettes only counted for 13 percent of the total sample, while 27 percent portrayed vaping and e-cigarettes neutrally.”
Making matters worse is the fact that there are currently no age restrictions in place for vaping content. As such, the study authors stress the importance of implementing stricter control over such content on TikTok. Meanwhile, more and more studies are linking vaping with brain, lung, and heart damage. Unfortunately, vape use among teens has exploded in popularity in recent years. In 2014, estimates showed that about nine percent of U.S. high schoolers vaped. By 2019, that figure increased to 27 percent.
TikTok enjoys over 800 million monthly users and a third of its U.S. users are younger than 14 years old.
“Considering accessibility of these videos and previous studies showing exposure to vaping-related content is associated with increased likelihood of future e-cigarette use, consideration of age restrictions on social media platforms is recommended,” Sun adds.
These findings are ultimately observational and can not establish causality. Still, study authors write “experimental and longitudinal data suggest that viewing other young people, friends, acquaintances or influencers vaping in fun and entertaining contexts, is likely to normalize e-cigarette use and make it a behavior to emulate.”
- 2021Jul 30
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