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Bible Pathway - Nov. 9, 2010


Read John 19


The cross. Cruelty of soldiers emphasized (John 19:1-3). Jesus' death (19:28-37), His burial and the witnesses of His resurrection (19:38-42; 20:1-29; 21:14). Why John wrote this Book (20:30-31). A threefold emphasis, not just to Peter, but to all of us: Feed My sheep (21:15-17).

Judas had led a mob and Roman soldiers to arrest Jesus. After His arrest, they led Him away to Annas first . . . father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year (John 18:13).

According to the Word of God, the high priest was to be a direct descendant of Aaron and was to retain his office until death (Ex. 40:15; Num. 35:25). However, Rome appointed a new high priest every year. Annas was high priest through Aaronic succession but had been deposed by Rome. He was succeeded by his son-in-law Caiaphas, who was the "official" high priest according to Rome. However, many people still considered Annas to be the true high priest.

Jesus, the prophesied Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world (John 1:29), was led first to the Jewish and then the Gentile-appointed high priests. With Caiaphas were the scribes, the elders, the chief priests and all the council (Matt. 26:57,59). In response to the question by the high priest regarding His deity, Jesus said: Hereafter shall ye see the Son of Man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven (26:64). Understanding that Jesus was claiming to be coequal with God and the prophesied Messiah, Caiaphas ripped his robe of authority as a sign of righteous indignation and shouted: What further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard His blasphemy (26:65). However, Caiaphas had ignored God's promise of a Prophet like Moses to whom they were to hearken (Deut. 18:15). That Prophet — Jesus the Messiah — was standing before him.

When they had bound Him, they . . . delivered Him to Pontius Pilate the governor (Matt. 27:2). Pilate knew Jesus was innocent of any criminal offense and said: I find in Him no fault at all (John 18:38). But, the religious leaders cried out violently: Crucify Him, crucify Him. . . . He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God. . . . If thou let this Man go, thou art not Caesar's friend (19:6-7,12). Pilate had to choose between Jesus the Son of God and the angry crowd; he chose the "religious" authorities. When a person compromises what is right in God's sight for fear of losing his job or anything else, he has taken the first step toward eternal hell. Jesus said: No servant can serve two masters (Luke 16:13).

Thought for Today:

Let all those that seek Thee rejoice and be glad in Thee: let such as love thy salvation say continually, The Lord be magnified (Ps. 40:16).

Word Studies:

19:1 scourged, whipped with leather cords weighted with sharp pieces of bone or lead; 19:30 It is finished, His physical ministry was complete.

Cross References:

For John 19:24: See Ps. 22:18. John 19:36: See Ex. 12:46; Ps. 34:20. John 19:37: See Zech. 12:10.

Prayer Needs:

Pray for International Broadcasts sponsored by Mr. & Mrs. John O. Mitchell, Sr. and Mrs. Judith Anne Ross • Staff: Beth Carlton • Government Official: Rep. Dennis Moore (KS) • Country: Guinea (8 million) on the Atlantic coast of western Africa • Major languages: French and tribal languages • Freedom for nationals, but strict limitations on missionaries • 83% Muslim; 12% tribal religions; 4% Roman Catholic; .6% Protestant • Prayer Suggestion: Praise God for His mercy (Ps. 136:2).

Memory Verse for the Week: Luke 14:33

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