Below is summary of the events surrounding the last days of Jesus on the earth.
The Holy Spirit Promised
Jesus promised the Apostles the Holy Spirit, assuring them that He would:
- comfort them;
- dwell in them (John 14:16);
- teach them all things;
- bring all his teachings to their remembrance (John 14:26);
- testify of Jesus (John 15:26);
- convict the world of sin, righteousness and judgment (John 16:7-11);
- and speak through them (Matthew 10:15-20).
The Last Supper
On the night of his betrayal, Jesus instituted a supper to be kept in memory of him--his death and sufferings (Matthew 26:26-30). It was designed:
- to keep Him enshrined in the hearts of His disciples to the end of time;
- to proclaim His death until he comes again (1 Corinthians 11:23-29).
Agony in the Garden
After the supper Jesus went to the garden of Gethsemane where, under the mighty weight of the world's sins, He cried to His Father to let the cup of sorrow and suffering pass, but expressed his willingness to submit to the terrible ordeal (Luke 22:39-46).
Jesus was betrayed by one of His Apostles, Judas Iscariot (Luke 22:47).
The trial of Jesus was the most consummate farce in the annals of the world. He was carried from court to court (Matthew 26:5-75; Luke 23:1-12), and finally condemned to die without the establishment of a single charge against Him (Luke 23:13-26).
Jesus was crucified between two malefactors, forsaken of God and man (Luke 23:27-48).
Sayings on the Cross
The utterances of Jesus on the cross were:
- His prayer to God in behalf of His tormentors (Matthew 23:34);
- His reply to the dying thief (Luke 23:39-43);
- He requested the disciple whom He loved to take care of His mother (John 19:25-27);
- He prayed to God, asking why He had been forsaken (Matthew 27:45-47);
- He said that He was thirsty (John 19:28);
- He declared that it was finished (John 19:30);
- He commended His Spirit into the hands of His Father (Luke 23:46).
Jesus Christ's Death
Burial and Resurrection
His Incredulous Apostles
The apostles of Jesus received the news of the resurrection with incredulity--as idle tales (Luke 24:10)
Appearances After the Resurrection
After Jesus arose again He spent forty days on earth, demonstrating His identity by infallible proofs, and He instructed His apostles in the things pertaining to the kingdom of God (Acts 1:1-3). He was seen by:
- Mary Magdalene (Mark 16:9-11; John 20:11);
- the other women who were returning from the tomb (Matthew 28:1-10);
- Peter, the apostle (Luke 24:34; 1 Corinthians 15:5);
- the two disciples going to Emmaus (Luke 24:13-32);
- the eleven apostles as they sat at meat (Mark 16:14);
- the apostles the second time (John 20:26-29);
- seven disciples at the sea of Tiberias (John 21:1);
- the eleven disciples in a mountain in Galilee (Matthew 28:16);
- five hundred brethren at one time (1 Corinthians 15:6);
- James (1 Corinthians 15:7);
- and all the apostles at the ascension (Luke 24:50-52; Acts 1:1-12).
After Jesus had committed the words of reconciliation to the apostles (2 Corinthians 5:17-21). He led them out as far as Bethany, blessed them and ascended to His Father's right hand (Luke 24:49-53; Acts 1:9-11).
Article adapted from the Condensed Biblical Encyclopedia (public domain), written in 1896 by Ashley S. Johnson, founder of Johnson Bible College, was and is designed for busy people who wish to increase their knowledge of the oracles of God.