Intersection of Life and Faith

12 Thanksgiving Celebrations in the Bible

  • Karen Whiting Contributing Writer
  • 2018 23 Oct
12 Thanksgiving Celebrations in the Bible

Early American Thanksgiving celebrations reflected biblical feasts when people thanked God for deliverance, provision, bounty, and blessings. One of the earliest American feasts took place in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621. In 1623, Governor Bradford called the people together for a day of thanksgiving, with his proclamation:

Inasmuch as the great Father has given us this year an abundant harvest of Indian corn, wheat, peas, beans, squashes, and garden vegetables, and has made the forests to abound with game and the sea with fish and clams, and inasmuch as He has protected us from the ravages of the savages, has spared us from pestilence and disease, has granted us freedom to worship God according to the dictates of our own conscience.

Now I, your magistrate, do proclaim that all ye Pilgrims, with your wives and ye little ones, do gather at ye meeting house, on ye hill, between the hours of 9 and 12 in the daytime, on Thursday, November 29th, of the year of our Lord one thousand six hundred and twenty three and the third year since ye Pilgrims landed on ye Pilgrim Rock, there to listen to ye pastor and render thanksgiving to ye Almighty God for all His blessings."

A look into various biblical celebrations of thanks reminds us of many reasons to be thankful.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    After the flood waters receded, Noah let the animals out and left the ark with his family. He then worshipped God and offered a sacrifice. A look into various celebrations of thanks reminds us all of the benefits of gratitude. In return for Noah’s expression of thanks, God put a rainbow in the sky and made a promise to never flood the entire earth again. God painted bright colors in the sky as part of the thanksgiving celebration.

    When we come through a stormy time, we should pause and thank God for his protection.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    2. Melchizedek and Abram gave thanks for victory (Genesis 14:18-24)

    Chedorlaomer was one of the kings who captured Abram’s nephew, Lot, and all of his possessions. Abraham defeated these enemies and set Lot free before  restoring all of his possessions. After the victory Abraham met Melchizedek, the King of Salem (the word Salem meaning peace). This king of peace offered Abram bread and wine and blessed him with the words, “Blessed be Abram of God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth, who has delivered your enemies into your hand.”

    This simple meal celebrated a victory and gave the victory and thanks to God. Abram presented the king with a tithe, a gift of thanks.

    We should be generous with our blessings too, and give an offering to God who blesses us with so much.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    3. Moses and the Israelites celebrate freedom with song and dance (Exodus 15)

    The Israelites left the slavery of Egypt and watched the miracle of the Red Sea opening up for them to pass and then close back to swallow their enemies. They gave thanks to God with a song describing the miracle. Miriam, sister of Moses, led women to dance and play timbrels. The people rejoiced loudly. Joy overflowed in their actions and voices. The freedom from slavery is remembered at Passover.

    Joyful celebrations should include praising God. When we feel real joy, it overflows in our voices and movements. We celebratefreedom with gratitude.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    4. God instituted various feast days, including two to celebrate the harvest (Exodus 23)

    Fifty days connected two feasts that focus on thanks for the harvest: the Feast of First Fruits signaled the beginning of the spring harvest; and Shavu’ot/Pentecost celebrated the end of the spring harvest. Pentecost was the only feast day celebrated with leavened bread. Crops that produce food remain important for our health and strength.

    God calls us to be thankful for our food and those who toil to grow it. For the Israelites, these feasts called for national thanks. Those feasts are the closest celebrations to Thanksgiving in America, when we as a nation thank God for our blessings and the harvest.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    5. David rejoiced at the return of the Ark of the Covenant, the national symbol of God's presence (2 Samuel 6:12-19)

    David  paraded and passed out cakes after returning the ark and giving offerings to God. David leapt with joy and danced with the people. He gifted each woman and man two cakes from him, one with dates and the other with raisins.

    The Ark of the Covenant contained the Ten Commandments,the rod of Aaron, and the jar of manna and signified the presence of God. Only David’s wife, Michal, did not join in the celebration.

    Everyone around us may not have a thankful heart, but we can choose to rejoice. We can share our food and give thanks to God for His presence in our lives. For those who do not join in, we can pray.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    6. Sukkoth / Feast of Tabernacles (Exodus 23) commemorated God's care for His people

    During Feast of Tabernacles, people build booths made of branches that are partly open to the sky and recall God’s provisions for those forty years spent in the wilderness. The Israelites experienced God’s continual and constant care. A night under the stars brings us back to creation and appreciation for all God made.

    Solomon and the people celebrated this seven-day feast after the dedication of the temple. Thanksgiving is a time that can bring joy and happiness. In 2 Chronicles 7:1, the people went home after the celebration happy and rejoicing.

    This serves as a reminder to thank God for shelter and for His continual care for us wherever we live or travel.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    7. Nehemiah and the people gave thanks for restoration (Nehemiah 12:43)

    After rebuilding the wall around Jerusalem, Nehemiah and Ezra set about restoring people’s relationship with God. They listened to God’s Word and repented, then celebrated. This renewal culminated with the dedication of the people and the wall. Everyone paraded on the wall around the city with music and instruments. The joyful noise sounded out so loudly that people far away heard it.

    We should be thankful that God restores our hearts. Thanking Him with music and song adds joy.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    8. Esther and all her people gave thanks for God's deliverance (Esther 8-9)

    The king’s law to execute all Jews turned into a celebration with a new decree that allowed the Israelites to defend themselves. This became a victory and a holiday called Purim, still celebrated every year with feasting, rejoicing, and sharing gifts with the poor.

    We are called to celebrate that God delivers us, and to be thankful for leaders who support us and allow us to worship freely.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    9. Jesus feasted with more than 5,000 people after he paused to bless the food (Luke 9:16)

    Many commentaries suggest that Jesus followed the traditional Jewish custom of blessing bread before eating. The familiar blessing used the words "May God, the Ever-blessed One, bless what he has given us!"  This time, the thanks before eating produced a miracle and feast that fed many. Jesus broke the thin cakes of barley and kept giving the bread and fish to the people to pass out to the crowd. Everyone ate until they were satisfied.

    God provides for us. We should follow the example of Jesus and give thanks for our food. That’s the way to begin a feast!

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    10. A household feasted when a prodigal son returned (Luke 15:11-32)

    The son had turned away from his family and faith to live a selfish life. When he repented and returned, his father killed the fatted calf and held a celebration. His household joined in the festivities. He hugged his son and gave him new clothes and a ring. The feasting included music and dancing. His older son grumbled, and the father responded by gently sharing his heart and reason for celebrating.

    When someone accepts God and chooses to return to their faith, it’s a great reason to be thankful and celebrate. Restoration and forgiveness are reasons to be thankful and celebrate.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    11. Jesus gave us all a treasured gift when he shared the Passover meal before his death (Luke 22:19-20)

    Jesus took the unleavened bread and gave thanks and blessed it. He did the same with wine. He announced that they were now Hs body and blood and said, “This is the new covenant.”

    Jesus shared this gift before the meal when he fed the 5,000 and stated that He is the Bread of Life we need that gives us eternal life (John 6:51). The gift of Communion/Eucharist and the new covenant is a gift of life and relationship with Christ. It’s foretold in Jeremiah 31:31-34 and described in Hebrews 8:6.

    The prophet shared that with the new covenant, God’s law would be in people’s hearts and God would forgive their sins.

    We rejoice as we break bread and celebrate that Jesus is with us, along with his gifts of forgiveness and eternal life.

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  • 1. Noah gave thanks for deliverance (Genesis 8:20-22)

    12. Banquet of the Lord in heaven will be the biggest feast ever (Isaiah 25:6-9)

    The prophecy speaks of a lavish feast and a time when there will be no more death. We will rejoice in our salvation then. Revelation 19:9 refers to this celebration as the marriage feast of the lamb, the feast in heaven and continues on to share that it is time to rejoice, be glad, and give God glory. His glory is indescribable, and we will rejoice greatly.

    As you enjoy a Thanksgiving feast this year, pause to share the many reasons for our gratitude and consider reading passages about one of the biblical feasts aloud.

    Karen Whiting ( loves cooking and sharing meals, bread, and insights into bread in the Bible. Her latest book, a devotional cookbook, is The Gift of Bread: Recipes from the Heart and the Table. A writing and markeing coach, Karen’s credits include twenty-five books, several hundred articles, hosting a television show, and speaking internationally. 

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