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<< Discover the Book, with Dr. John Barnett

Discover the Book - Jan. 10, 2009

  • 2009 Jan 10
  • COMMENTS
 

Creation or Evolution

What would the ten most important words in the world be? They are so vital to all parts of our life, so crucial to the destiny of our souls. In order that we never miss them, God put them in the front of your Bibles. These are the first words Jesus and the Apostles read at their mother's knees. For all Jewish children were taught to read starting with the Torah, the first five books of Moses. Why don't we read them together this morning!

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (NKJV)

Evidence for the Design of the Galaxy-Sun-Earth-Moon System for Life Support

The following parameters of a planet, its moon, its star, and its galaxy must have values falling within narrowly defined ranges for life of any kind to exist.

·        Number of stars in the planetary system

o       If more than one: tidal interactions would disrupt planetary orbits

o       If less than one: heat produced would be insufficient for life

·        Our sun age

o       If older: luminosity of star would change too quickly

o       If younger: luminosity of star would change too quickly

·        Our sun mass

o       If greater: luminosity of star would change too quickly; star would bum too rapidly

o       If less: range of distances appropriate for life would be too narrow; tidal forces would disrupt the rotational period for a planet  of the right distance; UV radiation would be inadequate for plants to make sugars and oxygen

·        Our sun color

o       If redder: photosynthetic response would be insufficient

o       If bluer: photosynthetic response would be insufficient

·        Our sun luminosity relative to speciation

o       If increases too soon: would develop runaway greenhouse effect

o       If increases too late: would develop runaway glaciation

·        Surface gravity (escape velocity)

o       If stronger: planet's atmosphere would retain too much ammonia and methane

o       If weaker: planet's atmosphere would lose too much water

·        Distance from our sun

o       If farther: planet would be too cool for a stable water cycle

o       If closer: planet would be too warm for a stable water cycle

·        Inclination of orbit

o       If too great: temperature differences on the planet would be too extreme for orbital eccentricity

o       If too great: seasonal temperature differences would be too extreme

·        Axial tilt

o       If greater: surface temperature differences would be too great

o       If less: surface temperature differences would be too great

·        Rotation period

o       If longer: diurnal temperature differences would be too great

o       If shorter: atmospheric wind velocities would be too great

·        Magnetic field

o       If stronger: electromagnetic storms would be too severe

o       If weaker: ozone shield and life on the land would be inadequately protected from hard stellar and solar radiation

·        Thickness of crust

o       If thicker: too much oxygen would be transferred from the atmosphere to the crust

o       If thinner: volcanic and tectonic activity would be too great

·        Albedo (ratio of reflected light to total amount falling on surface)

o       If greater: runaway glaciation would develop

o       If less: runaway greenhouse effect would develop

·        Oxygen to nitrogen ratio in atmosphere

o       If larger: advanced life functions would proceed too quickly

o       If smaller: advanced life functions would proceed too slowly

·        Carbon dioxide level in atmosphere

o       If greater: runaway greenhouse effect would develop

o       If less: plants would be unable to maintain efficient photo-synthesis

·        Water vapor level in atmosphere

o       If greater: runaway greenhouse effect would develop

o       If less: rainfall would be too meager for advanced life on the land

·        Atmospheric electric discharge rate

o       If greater: too much fire destruction would occur

o       If less: too little nitrogen would be fixed in the atmosphere

·        Ozone level in atmosphere

o       If greater: surface temperatures would be too low

o       If less: surface temperatures would be too high; there would be too much UV radiation at the surface

·        Oxygen quantity in atmosphere

o       If greater: plants and hydrocarbons would bum up too easily

o       If less: advanced animals would have too little to breathe

·        Seismic activity

o       If greater: too many life forms would be destroyed

o       If less: nutrients on ocean floors (from river runoff) would not be recycled to the continents through tectonic uplift

·        Global distribution of continents (for earth)

o       If too much in the southern hemisphere: seasonal temperature differences would be too severe for advanced life

·        Soil mineralization

o       If too nutrient poor: diversity and complexity of life forms would be limited

o       If too nutrient rich: diversity and complexity of life forms would be limited

·        Gravitational interaction with a moon

o       If greater: tidal effects on the oceans, atmosphere, and rotational period would be too severe

·        If less: orbital obliquity changes would cause climatic instabilities; movement of nutrients and life from the oceans to the continents and continents to the oceans would be insufficient; magnetic field would be too weak

Chances for Finding a Life Support Planet

Each of these 23 parameters cannot exceed certain limits without disturbing a planet's capacity to support life. Not to mention... about a dozen more parameters, such as atmospheric transparency, pressure, and temperature gradient, other greenhouse gases, location of different gases and minerals, and mantle and core constituents and structures, currently are being researched for their sensitivity in supporting life.

Thus, with considerable security, we can draw the conclusion that much fewer than a trillionth of a trillionth of a percent of all stars could possibly possess, without divine intervention, a planet-capable of sustaining advanced life. Considering that the observable universe contains less than a trillion galaxies, each averaging a hundred billion stars, we can see that not even one planet would be expected, by natural processes alone, to possess the necessary conditions to sustain life.

These factors would seem to indicate that the galaxy, the sun, the earth, and the moon, in addition to the universe, have undergone divine design. If divine design is essential to explain the properties of simpler systems such as the universe, our galaxy, and the solar system, how much more necessary is God's involvement to explaining systems as complex as organisms, including human beings? As for the $100 million now being spent by the U.S. government on the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, former Senator William Proxmire may have said it best. “We would be far wiser to spend the money for intelligent life in Washington.”

Within those first words of the Bible we find all that there is. God, the universe, the end and now. Everything is encompassed in those words. And from them flow all of guidelines God has given for so we can:

  • Meet Him
  • Know Him
  • Please Him

In other words, no book of the Scriptures matters more because EVERY BOOK OF THE BIBLE RESTS ON THIS ONE! If the God of Genesis 1 is unreliable so is the One in every other part of the Scriptures. Either you utterly trust the God you meet in Genesis One or you have nothing else. He is the same, He does not change.

 

For more from Discover the Book Ministries, please visit  discoverthebook.org.

 

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