David Is Anointed as King
Samuel followed the instructions of the LORD despite his fears. He came to the home of Jesse. He saw his son Eliab. Based on his appearance, he thought surely this is the LORD’s choice.
“But the LORD said to Samuel, ‘Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for God sees not as man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.’” (I Samuel 16:7, emphasis added)
After inquiring, Samuel finds out that Jesse has one more son, his youngest, who is tending sheep.
“Then Samuel said to Jesse, ‘Send and bring him; for we will not sit down until he comes here.’ So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with beautiful eyes, and a handsome appearance. And the LORD said, ‘Arise, anoint him; for this is he.’” (I Samuel 16:11b-12)
“Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon David from that day forward. And Samuel arose and went to Ramah.” (I Samuel 16:13)
According to Charles R. Swindoll, Josephus, the historian, says, “Samuel the aged whispered in his [David] ear the meaning of the symbol, ‘You will be the next king.’”
David was anointed as king while Saul was still on the throne.