Christ in Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy

 

 

 

LEVITICUS: “Christ Calling His own to Consecration” The book of Leviticus has been rightly called ‘the most NT of all the OT books. It reveals in an incredible way the work of Christ on the Cross. Divine Inspiration is more clearly stated in Leviticus than in any other book. Twenty chapters start with ‘and the Lord said . . .’ as well as other places totals 38 times the ‘Lord spoke . . .’ The dual theme of ATONEMENT and HOLINESS set the stage for this incomparable book. The atonement of the OT sacrifices was a kaphar “covering”, they were not removing sin [Hebrews. 10:4]. Only the Coming One could offer a perfect sacrifice for sin [Hebrews. 9:15]. The holiness of Leviticus is basically “separateness”. When SEPARATENESS is referring to God it implies that He is unique and separate from all that is earthly and wrong. A simple definition of holy comes from looking at why certain things are called holy. The Bible is called ‘HOLY BIBLE’, the land of Israel is called the ‘HOLY LAND’ and the city of Jerusalem is called the ‘HOLY CITY’. Why? There is a quality about all three which they share in common. THEY ALL BELONG TO GOD. The Bible is God’s book; Israel is God’s land; Jerusalem is God’s city- they are God’s property! That is why they are HOLY; they belong to God! When referring to man kaphar speaks of a life of purity and obedience. As a sacrifice was made, there were three distinct aspects that had to be accomplished:

1.    IDENTIFICATION: the offerer pressed his hands on the sacrifice to identify himself with it. This is parallel to personal faith in the substitutionary death of Christ. Baptism is a picture of a believers identification with the death, burial and resurrection of Christ. [Rom. 6.3-11]

2.    SUBSTITUTION: the innocent animal bore the sins of another, a picture of the perfect Lamb, Christ Jesus. [Rom. 5:8; II C 5:21; I Pet 2.24, 3.18].

3.    PROPITIATION: the blood was a visible evidence that a life had been offered. It is only the blood of Jesus that can satisfy the righteous wrath of a Holy God. [Lev. 17.11; Rom. 3.25; Heb. 9.22].

 

Because we are a Kingdom of Priests 1 Peter 2:9 But you [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; (NKJV) in the NT Church where Christ is our High Priest [Hebrews 8:1; Revelation 1:6] we are to be offering to God:

1.    OUR LIFE as a SACRIFICE [Romans. 12:1; 15:16]

2.    OUR DEVOTION as a BURNT OFFERING [Mark 12:33]

3.    OUR SERVICE poured out as a DRINK OFFERING [II Tim. 4:6; Phil. 2:7]

4.    OUR DEEDS as continual SPIRITUAL SACRIFICES [I Peter 2:5; Hebrews 13:16]

5.    OUR PRAYERS as a sweet smelling INCENSE OFFERING [Revelation 8:3-4; Psalm 141:2]

6.    OUR WORSHIP as a heaven sent PRAISE OFFERING [Hebrews 13:15]

 

NUMBERS: “Christ Calling His own from Confusion” This Book speaks of the SEVERITY of GOD [He destroys the old generation in chapters 1-25] and the GOODNESS of GOD [He works with the new generation in chapters 26-36] as described in Romans 11:22: Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in [his] goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. (KJV). It also warns of two sins: PRESUMPTION [I Corinthians 10:1-12] and UNBELIEF [Hebrews 3:7 - 4:6]. This book illustrates that unbelief defeats the unbeliever. It is an epic on the halting progress of unwilling followers. It took them only 40 hours to get out of Egypt in Exodus, 30 days to learn of God’s HOLINESS in Leviticus, but nearly 40 years to get out of the Wilderness of Egypt. They went up a mixed multitude [Exodus 12:38] who wanted a Savior [Exodus] but not a Lord [Sinai].

 

I.                  giving to God in Chapter 7 = Freewill offerings

A.                God loves SPONTANEITY, these gifts were not commanded.

B.                God is pleased even with UNIFORMITY, these gifts were all the same.

C.                God expresses His delight with PARTICULARITY [God who possesses all things, loves and cherishes each individual’s gift .And he called [unto him] his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury: (Mark 12:43 KJV) Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world, [this] also that she hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her. (Mark 14:9 KJV)

II.              following God in Chapter 9 = The Pillar and Cloud. This which most likely overshadowed the Camp as a shield from the desert Sun in the day and a light for the people by night, speaks of the UNFAILING GUIDANCE of GOD. I will instruct thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with mine eye. (Psalm 32:8 KJV) Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life. (John 8:12 KJV)

A.               The Lord’s WORK is PERFECT, so REST in it!

B.          The Lord’s WORD is PERFECT, so LIVE by it!

C.          The Lord’s WILL is PERFECT, so WALK in it!

 

DEUTERONOMY: “Christ Calling His own to the Covenant” When Jesus was face to face with the Devil in the Wilderness of Temptation, what weapon did He choose to use against this old foe? The Scriptures, yes, but specifically where? deuteronomy! All three of Satan’s attacks were met by the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God. Remember that moment in Matthew 4? Thus, Deuteronomy is a book about Dedication to God. Key Word: Covenant occurs 27x in this book. As we study this word, we find four components of God’s Plan revealed by His Covenant: His Character, His Expectations, His Blessings and His Warnings. Lets examine these briefly.

I.                  His Character: God is Unique Deuteronomy 4:35 Unto thee it was showed, that thou mightest know that the LORD he [is] God; [there is] none else beside him. (KJV)

II.              His Expectations: Total Obedience Deuteronomy 11:27-28 "the blessing, if you obey the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you today; 28 "and the curse, if you do not obey the commandments of the LORD your God, but turn aside from the way which I command you today, to go after other gods which you have not known. (NKJV)

III.           His Blessings: Victorious Lives Deuteronomy 7:22 And the LORD thy God will put out those nations before thee (KJV)

The book of Deuteronomy may best be seen as three sermons by Moses. Look Back, God has been Faithful; Look Around, God is watching; Look Ahead, God is Leading! Lets do just those three things. Through the words of Moses, inspired by God, look and learn what Israel failed to see.

I.                  Look Back, God has been Faithful! Deuteronomy 1-4

II.              Look Around, God is Watching! Deuteronomy 5:1-26:19. In these chapters there are three categories of the Law explained.

A.                God has Moral Expectations [5-11]. These are His “Testimonies”.

B.                God has Ceremonial Expectations [12:1-16:17] These are His “Statutes”.

C.                God has Societal Expectations [16:18-20:20]. These are His “Ordinances”.

III.           Look Ahead, God is Leading! Deuteronomy 27-33

 

 

For more from Discover the Book Ministries, please visit  discoverthebook.org.