After 39 years, a translation of the Bible in American Sign Language has been completed.
The final books needed, Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel, were completed this fall.
According to Christianity Today, work on translating the Bible into ASL started in 1981 with Duane King, a minister in the Independent Christian Church.
King, who is hearing, had learned to sign after meeting a deaf Christian couple in 1970. The couple told King they avoided going to church because they did not understand what was going on. King said he felt he needed to help the deaf community.
King and his wife, Peggy, then started a church and a mission for the deaf in Iowa. In 1981, King started work on an ASL Bible.
“Most hearing people don’t understand how difficult it is to learn to read what you cannot hear,” King said in 2019. “Deaf people rely so much on their eyesight that they want everything to be tangible—they want to be able to see everything.”
Translation to sign language begins with the adaptation of the English words to a "front translation," a version that uses a word order and vocabulary that corresponds to sign language.
Harold Noe, a Hebrew and Greek scholar who worked with Deaf Missions, said in an interview in 2004 that the translation can be difficult because ASL has a different syntax than English.
"The same sign used for `resurrection' is the sign for `stand up,'" Noe said. "I recall working with some children at the Iowa School for the Deaf. When I signed that sign for resurrection, the kids would stand up. I kept saying, `No, it's not time to go yet.'"
Deaf Missions also produces devotionals for the deaf and offers classes.
For more information on Deaf Missions and to watch the ASL videos, visit the organization’s website at deafmissions.org.
Photo courtesy: ©Getty Images/Syahrir Maulana
Amanda Casanova is a writer living in Dallas, Texas. She has covered news for ChristianHeadlines.com since 2014. She has also contributed to The Houston Chronicle, U.S. News and World Report and IBelieve.com. She blogs at The Migraine Runner.
JOS, Nigeria, September 21, 2020 (Morning Star News) – Fulani herdsmen on Thursday (September 17) shot a Christian who was riding on a motorcycle with a policeman in north-central Nigeria, sources said.
Sati Bulus, a member of the Church of Christ in Nations (COCIN) in Malul village in Bokkos County, Plateau state, was ambushed and shot to death by Fulani herdsmen at about 8:30 p.m. as he made his way home from Bokkos town, said area resident Christopher Luka. The Fulani are predominantly Muslims.
The Rev. Samuel Matawal, a COCIN pastor in Bokkos town, confirmed the killing in Daffo District in a short text message to Morning Star News.
“A member of our local congregation at Malul village was ambushed and shot dead by some Fulani herdsmen on Thursday, Sept. 17,” Pastor Matawal said.
The assailants reportedly killed the policeman riding with Bulus. Nigerian news outlet MK-Reporters added that Fulani herdsmen leaders had met on Sept. 14 in Fass, Barkin Ladi County, to plan resumption of hostilities in Daffo District and three other areas in Plateau state before December.
Donations of 1.3 million naira (US$3,378) for the purchase of weapons were raised at the meeting, the outlet reported.
Herdsmen had attacked predominantly Christian Malul village in February, killing one Christian and injuring another, Luka said.
“At about 9:30 a.m. on Feb. 14, a group of seven armed Fulani herdsmen attacked two Christians from our village, Malul village, who were on their farm, and one of them, Danjuma Machen, was killed,” Luka told Morning Star News. “The second Christian victim, Dauda Maren, was cut with machetes.”
The night of Jan. 26, herdsmen killed 30 Christians in Kwatas, another predominantly Christian community in Bokkos County, he said.
“Houses and church worship buildings were destroyed in the attacks by the herdsmen in the area,” Luka said.
Attacks on Christian communities in the area began in 2018, Christian residents said.
“These herdsmen attacks have led to the destruction of more than 21 Christian villages within Bokkos Local Government Area of Plateau state,” Pastor Matawal said. “This is apart from the killings of hundreds of Christians and the displacement of about 5,000 Christians from their villages.”
Another area resident, John Makut, said Fulani herdsmen attacked Ruku village on June 8, 2018, killing 40 Christians and displacing 1,463 others, mostly women and children. Another attack on March 8, 2018, killed 30 Christians, he said.
“In this community too, more than 400 Christians were displaced, and they’ve never been able to return to their community as it has been occupied by herdsmen,” Makut told Morning Star News.
Area Christians said the killing of Bulus was a continuation of attacks on Christians.
“Whole Christian communities have been destroyed, and worship church buildings have also been destroyed in these villages by the herdsmen,” Pastor Matawal said.
Numbering in the millions across Nigeria and the Sahel, predominantly Muslim Fulani comprise hundreds of clans of many different lineages who do not hold extremist views, but some Fulani do adhere to radical Islamist ideology, the United Kingdom’s All-Party Parliamentary Group for International Freedom or Belief (APPG) noted in a recent report.
“They adopt a comparable strategy to Boko Haram and ISWAP [Islamic State West Africa Province] and demonstrate a clear intent to target Christians and potent symbols of Christian identity,” the APPG report states.
Fulani herdsmen have increasingly adopted ideology and methods similar to Islamic extremist groups like Boko Haram, and some come from outside Nigeria, This Day’s Akin Osuntokun wrote in an Aug. 14 column for the Nigerian news outlet.
“Today, a new breed of herdsman has emerged: an aggressive and murderous terrorist bearing sophisticated firearms such as AK-47s and even rocket launchers,” Osuntokun wrote. “And they become the mobile avant-garde army of political Islam in Nigeria. Given the country’s porous borders, many of them are recent immigrants from neighboring countries. Herdsmen from Niger, Chad and Mali can walk across the border and immediately lay claim to all the sacrosanct rights appertaining to bona fide Nigerian nationals.”
Christian leaders in Nigeria have said they believe herdsmen attacks on Christian communities in Nigeria’s Middle Belt are inspired by their desire to forcefully take over Christians’ lands and impose Islam as desertification has made it difficult for them to sustain their herds.
The APPG report noted that tribal loyalties cannot be overlooked.
“In 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, a Fulani, was elected president of Nigeria,” the group reported. “He has done virtually nothing to address the behavior of his fellow tribesmen in the Middle Belt and in the south of the country.”
On Jan. 30 Christian Solidarity International (CSI) issued a genocide warning for Nigeria, calling on the Permanent Member of the United Nations Security Council to take action. CSI issued the call in response to “a rising tide of violence directed against Nigerian Christians and others classified as ‘infidels’ by Islamist militants in the country’s north and middle belt regions.’”
Nigeria ranked 12th on Open Doors’ 2020 World Watch List of countries where Christians suffer the most persecution but second in the number of Christians killed for their faith, behind Pakistan.
If you would like to help persecuted Christians, visit http://morningstarnews.org/resources/aid-agencies/ for a list of organizations that can orient you on how to get involved.
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Article originally published by Morning Star News. Used with permission.
Photo courtesy: ©Getty Images/omersukrugoksu
A photo of Candace Cameron Bure and husband Valeri Bure is receiving backlash from some who are calling it inappropriate. But the Christian celebrity isn’t standing for it.
Candace Cameron Bure and husband Valeri Bure met at a hockey game in 1994. Two years later, on June 22, 1996, they became husband and wife.
With more than 20 years of marriage under their belt, the flame is still very much alive for these love birds.
And that was very apparent in a playful photo Candace shared in her Instagram stories. However, the Christian celebrity caught heat from some who felt the image was inappropriate.
But Candace isn’t backing down and even reshared the photo along with a rebuttal to all the controversy!
In the post, Candace Cameron Bure shared two photos of her and husband Valeri Bure captured “sweet and spicy”. And in the second “spicy” photo, Valeri has his arm around Candace, with his hand resting directly on his wife’s chest.
Some folks commenting blasted her for a public display of affection (PDA) they considered too racy for a Christian celebrity.
Candace Cameron Bure is known for being outspoken. She’s not afraid to speak out about her faith. And she’s also not afraid to face controversy. So, rather than back down or remove the image, Candace fired back.
“Sorry if it offended you… I’m actually not sorry,” she laughed in a follow-up video shared to her Instagram stories. “I’m glad that we have fun together after so many years.”
Candace pointed out that most of her followers loved the photo. But for those who found it offensive, she insisted it reflected a “good and healthy marriage” of 24 years.
“It makes me laugh because it’s my husband,” she responded in a follow-up video shared to her Instagram stories. “He can touch me any time he wants and I hope he does.”
It’s not surprising that some might consider the PDA shown by Candace Cameron Bure and her husband to be too much. But at the end of the day, it’s not really for us to judge.
Photo courtesy: ©Getty Images/Ethan Miller/Staff