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Discover the Book - July 31, 2008

  • 2008 Jul 31

David’s Early Years


  • David suffers the intense loneliness of family disappointments—and from these times he grows in his relationship with the Lord. His testimony from his early years is captured in Psalms 19 and 23. In First Samuel 16 David is the shepherd boy writing Psalms 19 and 23. David was overlooked, ignored and even disliked by his family in First Samuel 16-18. He is left out of family gatherings, unrecognized for great achievements and basically left alone much of the time to do his "job” with the family’s flock of sheep. David found God was with him while alone as a young shepherd boy writing Psalms 19 and 23. He had many a lonely night in the fields, the woods and the hill sides of Judea. Instead of hating and fleeing those lonely times, he turned them into meditations upon the faithfulness of God.

1.    Psalm 19 has three basic lessons: v. 1-6 explains that David meditated upon the character of God when he was alone; v. 7-11 explains that David listened to the Word of God when he was alone; v. 12-14 explains that David feared the disapproval God (heeded His Word) when he was alone.

2.    Psalm 23 is the testimony of what you can learn about God in times of loneliness. Listen to David’s testimony of what he experienced, what he clung to from his long dark nights, and long lonely days. As you listen, ask the Lord to give you the same desire, then echo each of David’s affirmations and make them your own testimony. Confess these loneliness lessons and find them true!  

  • David faces and wins an immense spiritual confrontation. Goliath is not just an enemy warrior—he is defying God.

1.    In First Samuel 17:4, 57-58 David is the giant killer and writes Psalm 8. We believe this because in the most ancient Jewish Targums (paraphrases of the Hebrew Old Testament into Aramaic from the time of Ezra onward)—specifically point this 8th Psalm as being about David and Goliath.

2.    The words in the manuscripts before Psalm 9 are actually the ending of Psalm 8. Muthlabben means 'death of champion’ and was paraphrased in the Targums referring to David’s killing the 'man of the space between the camps’ in 1st Samuel 17.4. That no mans land was dominated by Goliath and was conquered by David.

3.    Much like Satan was defeated by Christ's coming to earth. David may have sung this Psalm while in Saul’s court to comfort him when the demons troubled him. 

  • David explains his habits as a young man that fortified him for Goliath, a life of hardship and for being so useful to God. He explains this in Psalm 132 which records how David started walking with the Lord as a young boy. This may be David’s confession after being anointed King by Samuel (1st Samuel 16.13) and looking back and remembering God’s Hand on his life. This Psalm may be written in his youth as a resolve for his young years or later when he starts his career as King—as a testimony of God’s faithfulness in the past and a reaffirmation of his consecration to the Lord. Some key truths from this Psalm are:

1.    This psalm could be called David’s spiritual secret—what made him the Giant that we see him to be from the Scriptural record of his life.

2.    David put God ahead of comfort in v. 3-5. He made time for God a holy habit in his life. Is it yet for you? Without regular, consistent, disciplines time alone with God—you and I will never amount to anything for eternity!

3.    David also personally longed for God as a young shepherd boy. His family probably kept the Sabbath and the Feasts—but David had an internal, personal longing inside of his own heart for the Lord. Do you? Or is it just your parents that make you come and read and serve? Is it just your family or husband or wife that keeps you kind of going? Reality in spiritual life only comes when it is personal longing from your heart for God.

4.    David wanted to be clothed with righteousness in v. 9a. That means he wanted to live the Lord’s way as much as possible. Consecration to the Lord was a choice. He wanted to come before the Lord like a holy priest. And isn’t that what God says we are to be—his holy priesthood that spend our life bringing Him offerings of worship and deeds of sacrificial service? Are you clothed with consecrated righteousness and living each day as a priest?

5.    David engaged in corporate worship in v. 9b. Note the plural ‘saints’. He was personally a seeker of the Lord and that made him come into the congregation of saints with such a zeal he wanted to ‘shout’ to the Lord. This verse in repeated as v. 16. Do you engage in corporate worship? Does your heart shout? Does your face radiate a deep love for the Lord or a distracted, disconnected air of indifference to the times we join our hearts in worship to the Lord God Almighty? 

  • David also had made some vows for personal conduct and consecration. These resolves (much like Jonathan Edwards) are captured in Psalm 101 which can be called David’s pact for purity. He fled to the Lord as his refuge from sins of his youth. This Psalm may be written in his youth as a resolve for his young years or later when he starts his career as King—as a testimony of God’s faithfulness in the past and a reaffirmation of his consecration to the Lord. Some key truths from this Psalm are:

1.    The pathway to a godly life contains personal choices or resolves of holiness to God. Note the seven "I wills” (2a, 2b, 3a, 4b, 5b, 5c, 8a).

2.    David sought personal integrity as his goal v.2b.

3.    David made a personal pact of purity for his life and conduct v. 3a.

4.    David had a habit of scraping off anything displeasing to the Lord from his life (like coming in from the horse barn; like barnacles on a boat; like taking a shower before a date) in v. 3b.

5.    David chose to limit his exposure to evil and things that would displease the Lord in v. 4-5. He specifically says any sin I will not look at (v. 3 ‘nothing wicked before my eyes’ and v. 4b ‘not know [experience for myself] wickedness’).

6.    David sought to always have proper heroes to look up to and emulate in v. 6a.

7.    David had a life long plan to purge evil from being around his life and acceptable in his presence v. 8. (Like Paul having the Ephesians burn anything to do with Satan—so we must not have pornographic or occultic books, videos, games, and music in our homes, cars, computers, lives or minds.) 

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