24:8, 10, 12 David bowed with his face to the ground and prostrated himself... `I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he is the LORD'S anointed.' ..."May the LORD judge between you and me, and may the LORD avenge me on you; but my hand shall not be against you." As I read this today, I thought about the fact that Jesus could have killed Satan with one word. But He didn't because Satan was the Lord's "anointed" for the task at hand-to test, refine, and eventually slay the Son of God so that He could be the Savior of the world. Consider a couple verses to that effect:
[Jesus to the leading priests and others who came to arrest Him] But this is your moment, the time when the power of darkness reigns." Luke 22:53
So even though Jesus was God's Son, he learned obedience from the things he suffered. Hebrews 5:8
Not only could Jesus have killed Satan but didn't so that a greater good could be accomplished, the same thing will happen again (cycles) with the anti-Christ. All are anointed for their purposes, whether for good or evil—even Saul, Pharaoh, and Judas. Remember, Judas was "chosen" by Jesus. The Bible is full of this theme. It is all part of His-Story! But clearly we see Jesus abdicated His throne (bowed momentarily) on the day He died so that we could live with Him forever!
24:15 "The LORD therefore be judge and decide between you and me; and may He see and plead my cause and deliver me from your hand." This reminds me of another verse: "Father, if it be your will, take this cup from me. But not my will, but Thy will be done."
24:19 "For if a man finds his enemy, will he let him go away safely?" Divine love, providence, and humility are above man.
24:20-22 "Now, behold, I know that you will surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel will be established in your hand. So now swear to me by the LORD that you will not cut off my descendants after me and that you will not destroy my name from my father's household." ...David swore [agreement] to Saul. Saul acknowledges finally that David will be king, and David promises not to destroy Saul's household.
25:8 So David sent ten young men... [and told them to say], "Please give whatever you find at hand to your servants and to your son David."
Nabal's response: 25:10-11 "Who is David? And who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants today who are each breaking away from his master. Shall I then take my bread and my water and my meat that I have slaughtered for my shearers, and give it to men whose origin I do not know?"
This resonates with a couple NT passages. First, it reminds me of the parable in Matthew 25:31-46 where Jesus told about separating the sheep from the goats because the "goats" did not feed, clothe, and take care of his needy servants. When Nabal sees the men sent by David to get food because they are hungry, Nabal says, "Who is David? And who is the son of Jesse?" But look how the tables turn.
On that day, this will be the fate of Nabal (who I believe stands for the ones who were entrusted with the wealth to take care of those in need who "were Jesus"): "[Jesus] will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on the left. "Then He will also say to those on His left, `Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the [age-during] fire...for I was hungry, and you gave Me nothing to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me nothing to drink; I was a stranger, and you did not invite Me in; naked, and you did not clothe Me...
"Then they themselves also will answer, `Lord, when did we see You hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not take care of You?' "Then He will answer them, `Truly I say to you, to the extent that you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.' "These will go away into [age-during] punishment, but the righteous into [age-during] life." Add to that: "Away from me, Nabal, I never knew you either..."
Did you notice that Nabal was a sheep and a goat farmer (vs. 2)? ☺
Abigail is a type of Bride (of Christ). I believe she is the Gentile Bride who recognizes the needs left coldly untouched by her greedy, ungrateful counterpart, and she does what she can to provide for the needy.
25:39 Then David sent a proposal to Abigail, to take her as his wife. I want to be Abigail! Like the woman at the well (another Bride type), Abigail gives great hope to those of us who have made our mistakes or are "used up." She was married to the unfaithful, but she turned away from her unbelieving husband, and chose to follow Christ instead. There is surely an encouraging story of redemption there. And as a widow, it was likely the custom that widows would remain alone, but David took her in.
116:15 The Lord's loved ones are precious to Him; it grieves him when they die. Compare to NASB: Precious in the sight of the LORD is the death of His godly ones. Just a little different feel!